Cardiac impedance is typically measured in ohms. It’s derivative, dZ/dt, is measured in ohms per second. This article will discuss the various ways of scaling data from volts to these more appropriate units in BioLab and the IMP Analysis application.

**If you are acquiring data with a MindWare Mobile, this data is scaled to the appropriate units automatically.** However if you are using different hardware such as a BioNex Impedance Cardiograph & GSC module or a 3rd party system, you have to scale this data manually.

## BioNex Scaling Values

There is only one BioNex module used to collect cardiac impedance: the Impedance Cardiograph & GSC module. Regardless of whether you have the Impedance Cardiograph & GSC 2 or an older version, the scaling for the cardiac impedance channels is the same:

Z_{o} – 10 ohms/volt

dZ/dt – 1 ohms/second/volt

## Scaling data in BioLab

Scaling cardiac impedance data in BioLab allows you to view the data in actual units during acquisition, which can be useful in determining data quality. On the BioLab Configuration screen, press the **Preview Scaling** button next to one of the cardiac impedance channels to open the scaling window.

On this screen, change the **Scaling Type** to “Slope Intercept”. For Z_{o} set **m = 10** and **Units **to “ohms”

For dZ/dt, set **m = 1** and **Units** to “ohms/sec”

If you are using a MW Mobile, you will see that the channel is already in the proper units even though there is no scaling applied.

## Scaling data in IMP Analysis

Scaling data to ohms is important in the IMP analysis application, as these values are used for calculating statistics such as stroke volume and cardiac output. There are two scaling fields on the **Impedance Calibration Settings **tab – **Z _{o} Calibration (Volts/Ohm) **and

**dZ/dt Calibration (Volts/Ohm/Sec)**.

### BioNex Impedance Cardiography & GSC Module

In the IMP analysis application, the channels are scaled in **volts/ohm** rather than **ohms/volt**, so it is simply the inverse of the scaling values listed above.

For Z_{o} set **Z _{o} Calibration (Volts/Ohm) = 0.10** and for dZ/dt set

**dZ/dt Calibration (Volts/Ohm/Sec) = 1**

### MindWare Mobile Impedance Cardiograph

If you are analyzing data from a MW Mobile, these fields will be disabled as the scaling is automatically applied for you.

### Other hardware

If you used 3rd party hardware to collect your cardiac impedance data, use whatever values are appropriate in these two fields to scale them.